Paul Cadmus Biography

Its depiction of American sailors on shore leave aroused the ire of Navy officials, and it vanished for decades from the public view. That work, as well as Cadmus's subsequent images, usually featured heroically muscled young men, and he later became one of the first contemporary artists to be recognized as a chronicler of gay life.

Santiago Calatrava Biography

Calatrava's projects are big; he tends to attract commissions for major civic structures that soon become established as community landmarks. His work is immediately recognizable, and it transcends the common architectural distinction between spare modernist forms and playful postmodernist ones.

Felipe CalderĂłn Biography

Supporters of Calderón's chief rival, leftist Mexico City mayor Andrés Manuel López Obrador, painted Calderón as the candidate of Mexico's corporate elites and as a child of privilege out of touch with the aspirations of the country's poor. Calderón responded that the free market economic policies he proposed would be the most effective in alleviating poverty.

Bebe Moore Campbell Biography

Born on February 18, 1950, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, as Elizabeth Bebe Moore, the future novelist was the only child of Philadelphia native Doris Carter Moore, a social worker, and a college graduate from North Carolina, George Moore. The pair settled in North Carolina, "where my father was the county farm agent," Campbell wrote in an article about her parents that appeared in Essence.

June Carter Cash Biography

Born Valerie June Carter on June 23, 1929, in Maces Spring, Virginia, she was raised in the Clinch Mountain area by her father Ezra Carter and mother, the former Maybelle Addington. Father Ezra Carter was the brother of Carter Family founder/songwriter A.

Bonnie Cashin Biography

Cashin was born on September 28, 1915, in Oakland, California. Her father, Carl, was a photographer/inventor (whose customary coveralls later inspired her to design the first woman's jumpsuit) and her mother, Eunice, was a dressmaker and major influence on her life.

Queen Catharine Parr Consort of Henry VIII King Biography

Catharine was born about 1512, the first of the three children of Sir Thomas Parr of Kendal and Maud, daughter of Sir Thomas Green. Her brother, William, and sister, Anne, followed in quick succession.

Susie Sumner Revels Cayton Biography

Cayton came into the world at an auspicious moment for her family, and for African Americans: she was born in 1870, the same year her father, Hiram Rhodes Revels (1827–1901) became the first black senator in U.S. history.

Jackie Chan Biography

Chan has been famous for doing his own stunts on film, largely without the aid of special effects, and the closing credits of his more recent releases feature a comic but brutal background montage of stunts gone wrong. The list of body parts Chan has injured while filming includes his head (it has a deep dent into which he will sometimes allow reporters to stick their fingers), eye, mouth, teeth, throat, neck, arm, shoulder, legs, foot, nose, ears, cheekbone, chin, hand, back, chest, pelvis, and knee.

Elaine Chao Biography

Elaine Lan Chao was born in Taipei, Taiwan, on March 26, 1953. She was the oldest of six girls.

Wendell Chino Biography

As an advocate of American Indian rights and tribal sovereignty, Wendell Chino was one of the most innovative and influential Native American leaders. Advancing the philosophy of "red capitalism," he encouraged tribes to regain control of their lands and attain economic freedom.

Anne Clifford Biography

Clifford was born on January 29, 1590, though some sources cite 1591 as the year of her birth. She came from a prominent family that possessed hundreds of acres of land in the north of England, anchored by immense castles, that had been passed down for more than three centuries by the time she was born.

Rosemary Clooney Biography

Born on May 23, 1928 in Maysville, Kentucky, Clooney had a turbulent childhood. Her father, Andrew Clooney, was an alcoholic and seldom at home, while her mother, Frances Guilfoyle, often worked away from home.

Jean Michel Cousteau Biography

Cousteau was born in 1938 in Toulon, France, to well-known oceanographer Jacques-Yves Cousteau and his wife, Simone. The first son of a scientist, Cousteau was brought to the study of marine life at an early age.

Paul J. Crutzen Biography

Crutzen was born on December 3, 1933, in Holland to Anna Gurk and Jozef Crutzen. He had one sister.

Thomas De Quincey Biography

De Quincey was considered one of the greatest prose stylists of the English Romantic era, otherwise best known for poetry, and his imaginative, convoluted prose style, best exemplified in Confessions of an English Opium Eater but also on display in a great variety of other works that were widely read in 19th-century England and America, exerted a vast influence on later literary radicals such as American mystery pioneer and experimentalist Edgar Allan Poe and the French poet Charles Baudelaire.

John Denver Biography

Denver backed up his ideas with activism in later years, devoting his energies to the causes of land conservation and environmental awareness. His death in an aviation accident at age 53 shocked his numerous fans, 1,500 of whom turned out for a memorial service held in Aspen, Colorado, where he had lived for many years.

GĂ©rard Depardieu Biography

Depardieu was born in Châteauroux, a small provincial community in central France, on December 27, 1948. His taciturn father, René "Dédé" Depardieu, was a barely literate sheet metal worker; his mother, Alice "Lilette" Marillier, came to Châteauroux with her family as refugees during World War II.

Gerald M. Edelman Biography

Edelman was born on July 1, 1929, in New York City. His father, Edward, was a physician and his mother, Anna, a homemaker.

Althea Maria Brown Edmiston Biography

Althea Maria Brown Edmiston was born near the end of the Civil War, on December 17, 1874, in Russelville, Dekalb County, Alabama. She was the fifth child and second daughter of Robert and Mary "Molly" Suggs Brown.

Roger A. Enrico Biography

The son of a maintenance foreman at an iron oresmelting plant, Enrico was born on November 11, 1944, in the small town of Chisholm, Minnesota. Growing up, Enrico often heard his father comment that it made little sense to him why management at the smelting plant did not listen to the ideas of those who worked in the shop.

Richard R. Ernst Biography

The contributions of Nobel Prize-winning chemist Richard Robert Ernst proved far-ranging, as his work in the area of high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy led to the development of magnetic resonance imaging, which would become one of the most valuable non-invasive diagnostic imaging technologies available to medical professionals.

Oriana Fallaci Biography

Born on June 29, 1929, in Florence, Italy, the future journalist was one of three daughters of Edoardo, a cabinetmaker, and Tosca (Cantini) Fallaci. Political activism ran deep on both sides: her mother's father was part of an anarchist movement that flourished in Italy in the years just after World War I, while her father was involved in the anti-fascist resistance against the dictatorship of Benito Mussolini (1883–1945).

Mimi Farina Biography

Farina was born Margarita Mimi Baez on April 30, 1945, in Palo Alto, California. She was the third daughter of Mexican immigrant Albert Baez and Scottish immigrant Joan Bridge.

Eileen Farrell Biography

Eileen Farrell was born on February 13, 1920, in Willimantic, Connecticut. Her family moved when she was still quite young to Woonsocket, Rhode Island, which she always called her hometown.

Louise Farrenc Biography

Farrenc was born Jeanne Louise Dumont in Paris, France, on May 31, 1804. This also happened to be the year Napoleon was crowned emperor of France, so she was born into a world that was in upheaval.

Guy Fawkes Biography

Fawkes was not the originator of the Gunpowder Plot. He was a traveling soldier—mercenary would be the wrong word, for his motivations were primarily religious, not monetary—brought in on the plan because of his munitions experience.

Lawrence Ferlinghetti Biography

Though not as widely recognized as other writers among the "Beats," such as poet Allen Ginsberg and novelist Jack Kerouac, Ferlinghetti exerted enormous influence. The publishing arm of his bookstore brought the works of the Beats before the public, and it was Ferlinghetti who took up Ginsberg's cause when Ginsberg's classic long poem "Howl" was deemed obscene and seized by San Francisco authorities.

Anne Finch Biography

As a poet, Finch attained a modest amount of notoriety during her lifetime, which spanned the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. However, her large body of work, written during the Augustan period (approximately 1660–1760), would earn greater attention after her death.

Shulamith Firestone Biography

Firestone was born in Ottawa, the federal capital of Canada, in 1945, into an Orthodox Jewish family that later relocated to St. Louis, Missouri.